॥१॥ समाधिपाद - 1.Samādhi Pāda - Contemplation



results: 31 - 40 of 51 from chapter 1

  • 1.31 : दुःखदौर्मनस्याङ्गमेजयत्वश्वासप्रश्वासा विक्षेपसहभुवः॥३१॥
  • 31. Duḥkha daurmanasyāṅgamejayatva śvāsa praśvāsā vikṣepa sahabhuvaḥ.
  • Sorrow, despair, unsteadiness of the body and irregular breathing further distracts the citta.
  • There are four more causes of distraction - sorrow, despair or evil disposition, tremble of the body and irregular or laboured breathing (  hyperventilation taught by fake gurus ).  These cause further distractions which excites the mind and consciousness. These hindrances are of three kinds - self-inflicted (adhyatmika), imbalances of elements in the body (adhibhautika) and problems arising from fate, e.g. genetic defects (adhidaivika). They need to be fought and curbed through yogic disciplines. Concentration will bring perfect repose to mind and body every time it is practised. When the practice has been misdirected, or not enough controlled, these disturbances come. Repetition of Om and self-surrender to the Lord will strengthen the mind, and bring fresh energy. The nervous shakings will come to almost everyone. Do not mind them at all, but keep on practising. Practice will cure them, and make the seat firm.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.32 : तत्प्रतिषेधार्थमेकतत्त्वाभ्यासः॥३२॥
  • 32. Tat pratiṣedhārthamekatattvābhyāsaḥ.
  • Adherence to single-minded effort prevents these impediments
  • To remove the thirteen obstructions and thwart their reappearance, several specific methods have been distinguished.  But absolute surrender to God is beyond the abilities of most ordinary men and women, who are still entangled in pleasure and pain, joy and sorrow, success and failure. Meditation undoubtedly helps to minimise the mental agitations of such people. But in order to conquer all the obstacles to Self-Realisation, all the eight stages of yoga must be followed. Only when body, mind and intelligence are fully sanctified is it possible to submit whole-heartedly to God, without awaiting any return. This is a surrender of the highest order, beyond the capacity of the average individual.   In brief the eight limbs, or steps to yoga, are as follows: Yama :  Universal morality, Niyama :  Personal observances, Asanas :  Body postures, Pranayama :  Breathing exercises, and control of prana, Pratyahara :  Control of the senses, Dharana :  Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness, Dhyana :  Devotion, Meditation on the Divine, Samadhi :  Union with the Divine. These eight steps of yoga indicate a logical pathway that leads to the attainment of physical, ethical, emotional, and psycho-spiritual health. Yoga does not seek to change the individual; rather, it allows the natural state of total health and integration in each of us to become a reality.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.33 : मैत्रीकरुणामुदितोपेक्षणां सुखदुःखपुण्यापुण्यविषयाणां भावनातश्चित्तप्रसादनम्॥३३॥
  • 33. Maitrī karuṇā muditopekṣāṇām sukha duḥkha puṇyāpuṇya viṣayāṇam bhāvanātaś citta prasādanam.
  • By cultivating friendliness towards happiness and compassion towards misery, gladness towards virtue and indifference towards vice, the mind becomes pure.
  • Citta viksepa is a current of distressed thoughts running like a river. In citta prasadana, graceful diffusion, the turbulent flow is dammed up and consciousness imbues serenely like a lake.  If the citta is caught in the mesh of the senses, and the sadhaka fails to cultivate friendliness, compassion, delight and equanimity, sorrow and unhappiness develops within his heart. This sutra asks one to be rejoiced with the happiness, to be empathetic to the sorrowful, friendly to the virtuous, and unsympathetic to those who continue to live in vice, despite endeavours to change them. This mental adjustment ramps up social as well as individual health. In addition to cultivating these qualities, one should follow the social virtues oiyama  for the well-being of society as a whole. This approach to life keeps the mind of the sadhaka tranquil and pure. These attitudes of the mind towards the different subjects that come before it will make the mind peaceful. Each time we suppress hatred, or a feeling of anger, it is so much good energy stored up in our favour; that piece of energy will be converting into the higher powers.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.34 : प्रच्छर्दनविधारणाभ्यां वा प्राणस्य॥३४॥
  • 34. Pracchardanavidhāraṇābhyām vā prāṇasya.
  • Optionally, mental equanimity may be gained by the even expulsion and retention of energy.
  • Prana is not exactly breath. It is the name for the energy that is in the universe. Whatever you see in the universe, whatever moves or works, or has life, is a manifestation of this Prana.   Throwing out and restraining the Prana is what is called Pranayama.  He means that you simply throw the air out, and draw it in, and hold it for some time, (pranayama ) the mind will become  calmer.  The vitality of the breath is the Prana. By this process of breathing we can control all the various motions in the body, and the various nerve currents that are running through the body. Pranayama— where you exhale twice as long as inhale— it is more about dumping old experiences rather than mere oxygenation of blood and producing Nitric oxide by MMMMMM. Breathe in the new , breathe out the old. Pranayama—inhale and exhale with awareness— long exhales with the sound of mmmm. Humming boosts level of nitric oxide—this in turn ups the oxygen intake by 98%, the biggest secret . Ordinary breath is a mere 4%. It is amazing Nitric oxide was discovered by Indian yogis 11000 years ago.  For re-inventing this a Nobel prize was given 2 decades ago. Nitric oxide is necessary for- 1. Destruction of viruses, parasitic organisms, and malignant cells in the airways and lungs by inactivating their respiratory chain enzymes. 2. Regulation of binding - release of O2 to hemoglobin. 3. Vasodilation of arteries and arterioles (regulation of blood flow or perfusion of tissues). 4. Inhibitory effects of inflammation in blood vessels. 5. Hormonal effects. Nitric oxide influences secretion of hormones from several glands (adrenaline, pancreatic enzymes, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone) 6. Neurotransmission. Memory, sleeping, learning, feeling pain, and many other processes are possible only with NO present (for transmission of neuronal signals). Obviously, during mouth breathing it is not possible to utilize one's own nitric oxide which is produced in the sinuses.When there is lack of oxygen in your blood , you living to a small percentage of your potential. The power of breathing lies in its relationship with your energy source. The mind is intimately connected to your breathing. Deep breathing triggers the lymph, your body’s sewage system which will give your cells more efficiency. It keeps the blood fully oxygenated. Breathe in the ration 1/4/2. The physical aspect of lack of oxygen in the body is not as important as the mental and spiritual aspect. Stress, fear and anxiety causes muscles to contract and blood vessels to constrict. When blood cannot be transported freely through the body to provide oxygen, and antibodies and to carry away and dispose toxic wastes, illness sets in. Mind is non material , but it works in partnership with communicator molecules. With every thought mind moves atoms of hydrogen, carbon , oxygen and other particles in the brain . Knowing the connection between breath and consciousness, the ancient yogis devised PRANAYAMA to stabilise energy and consciousness. All that vibrates in this universe is the cosmic personality and prime mover Prana, potent in all living beings and non-living beings --- heat, light, gravity, magnetism, vigor , power , vitality,life, spirit. When a man is contented and happy , he has more Prana inside him. Anxiety vanishes entirely when you are one with the rest of the universe. When your mind is disturbed the fundamental energy Prana leaks . Pranayama just reverses the process. Yoga says that longevity depends on slow diaphragmic breathing. Fluctuations of mind are controlled and hence Pranayama prepares you for meditation.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.35 : विषयवती वा प्रवृत्तिरुत्पन्ना मनसः स्थितिनिबन्धिनी॥३५॥
  • 35. Viṣayavatī vā pravṛttirutpannā manasaḥ sthitinibandhanī.
  • Or activity of the higher senses causes mental steadiness.
  • One may equally attain an exhilarated state of consciousness by becoming entirely engulfed, with dedication and devotion, in an object of interest.  The deity in a temple is just a tool. The practice of contemplating upon an object is the basis of mental stability. Total absorption in the object brings about direct perception of its essence. This sutra demonstrates how to develop awareness and sensitivity in intelligence.  If a man whose mind is disturbed wants to take up Dharana  practices of Yoga, yet doubts the truth of them, he will have his doubts set at rest, when, after a little practice, these things come to him. Dharaṇa may be translated as "holding steady", "concentration" or "single focus". The prior limb Pratyahara involves withdrawing the senses from external phenomena. Dharaṇa builds further upon this by refining it further to ekagrata or ekagra chitta, that is single-pointed concentration and focus, which is in this context cognate with Samatha.  Dharaṇa is the initial step of deep concentrative meditation, where the object being focused upon is held in the mind without consciousness wavering from it. As the seer becomes more advanced, dwelling in the subsequent stage of Dhyāna, consciousness of the act of meditation disappears, and only the consciousness of being/existing and the object of concentration register (in the mind). In the final stage of Samādhi, the ego-mind also dissolves, and the seer becomes one with the object. Generally, the object of concentration is God, or the Self, which is seen as an expression of God. Having controlled the Prana through Pranayama and the Indriyas through Pratyahara, you should try to fix the mind on something. In Dharana you will have only one Vritti or wave in the mind-lake. The mind assumes the form of only one object. All other operations of the mind are suspended or stopped. Dharana can be done only if you are free from the distractions of mind. Concentration without purity is of no use. There are some occultists who have concentration. But they do not have good character. This is the reason why they do not make any progress in the spiritual path. Ethical perfection is of paramount importance. The mind can be fixed easily on any pleasing object-the reason why we have a choice of ishta devata.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.36 : विशोका वा ज्योतिष्मती॥३६॥
  • 36. Viśokā vā jyotiṣmatī.
  • Or the state of sorrowless Light.
  • Here, the concentration is on the innermost nucleus of the heart, where alone the sorrowless, effulgent light luminescences. That is the seat of the soul. The mind is guided in such a way that it becomes absorbed, and imbues towards its source. Movements in the form of thoughts in the mind are the waves, and citta, or the seat of consciousness, is the ocean. The sadhaka must learn to keep the citta motionless and thoughtfully silent, without creating waves of thought. This effort of stilling and silencing the citta brings forth the sorrow less effulgent light of the soul.  The last stage of meditation  is the abandoning of any sense of satisfaction, pain, or serenity because any inclination to a good or bad state of mind has disappeared. The meditator thus enters a state of supreme purity, indifference to everything, and pure consciousness.  Meditation abstracts the self from conscious thought, and frees the mind from feelings that cause stress and suffering.   It fosters creative intelligence, raise consciousness, and enables fuller use to be made of mental potential. During meditation thinking is separated from perceiving, so that the individual can stand apart from the emotional self.  Mysticism provides an escape from a life of uninspired existence. It magnifies man and gives him a destiny to fulfill.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.37 : वीतरागविषयं वा चित्तम्॥३७॥
  • 37. Vītarāgaviṣayam vā cittam.
  • Or the mind taking as an object of concentration those sages who are freed of compulsion.
  • If the sadhaka ponders on the serene, pure state of such divine souls and follows their practices, he earns confidence, achieves firmness and develops a desireless state of mind. Similarly, one can also contemplate each stage of an asana or each movement of breath in order to bring the citta to a state of desirelessness. If consciousness is kept free from desire, it becomes chaste. Mere withdrawal from the world does not in itself achieve this aim. The body of the “realized man” or Jivan Mukt  like Adi Shankaracharya continues to exist until his karmas and prarabdhas ( greater responsibility ) has worked itself out,  and then his mortal coil falls away on his own free will , and he attains Moksha.  A Jivanmukt saint who has burnt his  EGO is NOT cremated in Hinduism. He is buried in a sitting meditative pose. You cannot be deemed a Jivanmukta unless you have the noble qualities for it. Such people have sterling virtues like conscience, lack of ego,  gratitude , lack of desires- selfishness- greed- jealousy- anger- and fear, unlimited compassion,  respect for universal laws,  raised consciousness and humility. He who is the same in honour and disgrace and the same to friends and foes, who has given up all undertakings, he is said to having gone beyond all modes. (Bhagavat Gita 14, 22-25.). A Jivanmukta has reached the imperishable Turiya state.  It means  “consciousness minus thinking” . It represents supreme consciousness free from material influence . . In Turiya there is the absolute awareness. It is the experience of ultimate reality and truth.  In Turiya, the self does not think, feel, or do, but rather observes thought, emotion, and action capable of truly understanding the totality of the universe. Turiya has no limits and no endpoint. It is infinitely transcendent, which means its potential is forever expanding.  You are now a unique individual and you are a vital part of a larger universal life force that transcends everything on earth.. Reality and truth become more clearly defined, allowing you to perceive that which lies above, below, and beyond the human experience. This utterly quiet, peaceful and blissful state is the ultimate aim of all spiritual activity this highest state is not affected by Maya The Waker, The Dreamer, The Deep Sleeper and The Observer. You experience detachment and joy .  Turiya Consciousness  is the ultimate goal of spirituality for here you know what freedom is all about. Turiya is regarded as synonymous with videhamukti, liberation without a body A saint is a very ordinary guy.. A sage is the extraordinary being. A sage does not dream, because he has no polarity. He’s just a witness. In Hindusim your physical body is just like clothes or a snake skin.  On death you just change your body to another one. A Jivanmukta is a sage who is liberated from bondage even while living with a body.  . He has delight in the Self, he sports in the Self, he has company with the Self, he has bliss in the Self.  He is autonomous. He has unlimited freedom. The Jivanmukta does not feel the necessity for abiding by what brings pleasure to the physical body. The palm of the hand is his bowl, the earth is his bed, the sky is his clothing.  He has reached the climax of perfection and the whole universe is a part of his body. The forces of the universe are his friends, not his enemies . The sage does not care for public criticism. He keeps a cool mind even when he is abused or assaulted.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.38 : स्वप्ननिद्राज्ञानालम्बनं वा॥३८॥
  • 38. Svapnanidrājñānālambanam vā.
  • Or depending on the knowledge of dreams and sleep.
  • Four stages of consciousness : consciousness plus thinking is waking,  consciousness minus thinking is turiya, unconsciousness plus thinking is dreaming,  unconsciousness minus thinking is sleep.  The semi-circle of OM symbolizes Maya and separates the dot from the other three curves. It is the illusion of Maya that prevents us from the realization of this highest state of bliss. The semi-circle is open at the top and does not touch the dot. This means that this highest state is not affected by Maya. Maya only affects the manifested phenomenon. In Turiya thoughts subside and one becomes increasingly more awake; the mind settles down and consciousness itself becomes primary.  Mediators describe this as pure consciousness or unbounded awareness. One sees the entire world and all things within it as part of oneself, and oneself part of all. Turiya  is a state of transcendence, the result of arduous meditation.  There can be no consciousness without passage through intense pain. The Upanishads equates this experience with enlightenment.  We ordinary people lack contact with our fourth state of consciousness, and so we fail to live up to our potential as human beings. This utterly quiet, peaceful and blissful state is the ultimate aim of all spiritual activity this highest state is not affected by Maya The Waker, The Dreamer, The Deep Sleeper and The Observer.  Turiya is freedom from the limitation of the other states . You experience detachment and joy .  Turiya Consciousness  is the ultimate goal of spirituality for here you know what freedom is all about.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.39 : यथाभिमतध्यानाद्व॥३९॥
  • 39. Yathābhimata dhyānād vā.
  • Or, by meditating on any desired object conducive to steadiness of consciousness.
  • The purpose of meditation in modern times is to destress, to stop the destructive mind chatter, for some time in a day,--  to STILL the mind. he brain must not be allowed to pump in destructive F&F ( fight & flight ) chemicals into your body, which will shorten your life. The reason why people remain mired in negativity is because of the beliefs they have inherited over time. Beliefs are subconscious . We can use our conscious mind to observe ,to introspect and dip into the subconscious where our beliefs are embedded , in order to eliminate it. You can meditate, to rewrite these negative programmes that cause you misery. During meditation thinking is separated from perceiving, so that the individual can stand apart from the emotional self. Indians use meditation to purify the mind and gain insight. There is self observation and introspection ( which animals cannot do ). This does not mean any wicked subject, but anything good that you like, any place that you like best, any scenery that you like best, any idea that you like best, anything that will concentrate the mind. The ultimate method is to choose an object beneficial to meditation, not one which is externally pleasing, but auspicious and spiritually enriching. By practising this simple method of one-pointed attention, the sadhaka gradually develops the act of contemplation.. Patanjali advises followers to trace the seed of that core, the living spirit that interpenetrates everything from the most infinitesimal particle to the infinitely greatest. This is the most difficult subject to meditate upon.

    ༺ ࿘ ॐ ࿗ ༻



  • 1.40 : परमाणु परममहत्त्वान्तोऽस्य वशीकारः॥४०॥
  • 40. Paramāṇu paramamahattvānto’sya vaśīkāraḥ.
  • The mastery of one in Union extends from the finest atomic particle to the greatest infinity.
  • The level of consciousness in you depends on the amount of energy it is capable of storing. By projecting your intention and changing your brain vibration > 40 Hz Gamma through altering the state of your consciousness , you can develop psychic powers. When you use psychic power you tap into the level of the universe, where individuality does not exist. At this level each of us is a part of a universal and cosmic consciousness where we are connected as though held together by invisible threads. This interconnectedness means that every thing we do or think affects everything and everyone else. All atoms in the entire universe are capable of mind reading and communicating with other atoms. There is a consciousness in every molecule of matter. Most people never raise their consciousness much above that of the animal and the spark of divinity within them remains dormant the whole of their lives. Animals express consciousness through instinct. Self awareness or reflective thought is the difference between animals and humans. Our consciousness is expressed energetically through coherence and interactions of electromagnetic fields. Consciousness is a form of electromagnetic energy which with focused thought and intent can achieve extraordinary things.The sadhaka is not only liberated from all disturbances of the mind; he has also repressed his consciousness and mastered his passions. His consciousness reaches a height of transparency in which it develops the power of interpenetrating objects from the minutest atoms to the impressive cosmos. This sutra describes how the ordinary mind is metamorphosed into a super-mind, is able to imbue the limitless regions of space, and the deepest regions within. The mind, by this practice, easily contemplates the most minute thing, as well as the biggest thing.

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